We believe the construction of emergency schools in the areas of Gorkha, Sindhupalchowk and Nuwakot to be a primary concern in the rehabilitation of Nepal. Not onlyhave the earthquakes destroyed 90% of the school facilities but the mountainous landscape will make reconstruction very dif cult. The project of an emergency school in the mountain area involves two main qualities: swiftness and sustainability.
The core principle of our architectural proposal is rapid construction. The system is designed in such a way that it can be transported by helicopter to the site in the mountain. This project requires ve transport cases. The dif cult location and vehicle accessibility of the valleys have dictated the design of the system, resulting in the use of a minimal amount of externally sourced materials.
The assemblage can adapt to segment of different natures: big bamboos, trunks, and remaining structural elements from collapsed buildings. As a result, one would see a criss-crossed bamboo frame which can support a variety of building skins. The outer shell of the building will progress from temporary tarpaulin to permanent mud walls.
Architecture competition Credits : Benjamin Nicaud & Paul Bourigan Nepal, 2015
Hsieh Ying-Chun Zhu Jingxian Wen-Chieh Chiu Yuan Ye Fei Bigang Sun yu Sujeet Babu Shrestha
Jury Comments :
—--Wen-Chieh Chiu "First-prize of A, through a key node of precision intervention, use node design which has flexibility and versatility of local materials to make full effective. This program also can ask help from local people to participate in rapid construction, which maximize the use of local resources. Therefore, it can ensure local characteristics of building which seems "relaxed" with "wisdom" of the construction strategy. This program has the greatest flexibility and adaptability in all the works. For post disaster permanent building, B first-prize has a powerful "big family" concept which reflected the group building of social value and the significance of the spirit profound. The form of building is simple and full of regional features, whose construction technology has the ability to implement. The group space organization is flexible. Runed through all the time, Idea of "home" gives people the confidence and hope of life."
——Yuan Ye "The reconstruction after earthquake is a complicated engineering program, which have to be implemented on every building. Temporary emergency buildings and the permanent buildings will reflect the earthquake's mark and human's building response to the natural disasters. Architecture, which returned to its origin, shows up as the shelter of mankind. In order to meet the basic survival requirement, it needs to be quickly built, safe enough to withstand aftershocks and climate of architectural constraints. To soothe people’s feeling, it also needs significance of social assistance and reflection of human feelings. It is a struggle problem although seems simple.
Reviewing of intense review process, it contained rational, passion, accompanied by multi angle of view discussion, constant reflection and deliberation. Although there is fierce collision point of view and ideas, it still is a feast as a field of knowledge and ideas, also make me and benefit bandit is shallow! After 7 judges repeatedly consider the selection, we choose one which has more aspects to reflect the essence of the post disaster architecture and can have a comprehensive system to solve the strategy.
First-prize of A, through a key node of precision intervention, use node design which has flexibility and versatility of local materials to make full effective. This program also can ask help from local people to participate in rapid construction, which maximize the use of local resources. Therefore, it can ensure local characteristics of building which seems "relaxed" with "wisdom" of the construction strategy. This program has the greatest flexibility and adaptability in all the works. For post disaster permanent building, B first-prize has a powerful "big family" concept which reflected the group building of social value and the significance of the spirit profound. The form of building is simple and full of regional features, whose construction technology has the ability to implement. The group space organization is flexible. Runed through all the time, Idea of "home" gives people the confidence and hope of life.
——Fei Bigang "Disaster shelter construction have to consider not only about human body or provide habitat for the victims of the shelter, but also human soul ,the spiritual homeland become victims. These buildings can not only help restore production and living order, but also to soothe the trauma of people, inspire people to rebuild the affected areas power better homes. As a witness of confusion and helplessness after the earthquake, I know disaster buildings should not only have "easy construction, rapid construction, reasonable structure" structural characteristics, but also need to have consensus culture, easy to read and accept the ordinary, having a mutual sharing of social significance and giving new life to the scene to face the future. The current reconstruction work is still relatively far away from this requirement. One reason is the lack of good post-disaster reconstruction. The competition made a lot of creative solutions , to promote reconstruction work is undoubtedly a step forward.
Excitement and tangled our main state past few days of judging since there are so many talented programs. So many people concerned about the reconstruction work, give us the work of the judges provide infinite power. From a large number of very good programs to the selection of the most creative and value of the program, the wisdom of the judges is a huge challenge. Although some specific programs we tangled, also tangled a long time. Fortunately we carefully discussed, fair and democratic vote for what we consider the most representative works , believe it our disaster reconstruction has a very good guide.
Very honored to work with the judges together to complete a very meaningful work."
——Zhu Jingxiang "The issue and technology of after earthquake rescue and reconstruction was summarized by the discussion of cross professional judges. The great earthquake of Nepal directly make many competitors focus on the usage of light weight architecture system. The reconstruction after earthquake usually consists three stages. The first stage is rescue reconstruction, usually using -tents. The selection strategy of house products of this stage focus on the concentrated construction in a short time, which is vitally important. The second stage is resettling reconstruction, light architecture system with some stiffness will be powerful tools. The third stage is perpetual reconstruction, in which stage the diversity and society meaning will influence long-term life quality of the residents. The combination of temporary and perpetual reconstruction will bring new inspirations to rescue construction and save architecture materials. Many works in the reconstruction competition of Nepal great earthquake can also be applied in the reconstruction of disasters like tsunami, flood inundation, fire hazard.
Some competitors also notice the poetic dwelling of remote area, but as many crucial materials and tools cannot be provided in short time after the disaster, the reconstruction quality face the challenge of local situation. An interesting attempt deserves attention: the tool case and materials are left for the locals to reconstruct.
The last suggestion is: when the competitors work in Nepal as foreigners, at that time, local people are observing the team. Only by the results of the reconstruction work can build their trust with native people. Therefore, the prize-winners’ first project is supposed to be highly concentrated and skillful, and can bring hope to locals using its beauty in shape and form. In an ideal condition, the team can set a standard for future development."
—--Wen-Chieh Chiu "Those wonderful pictures of each work expressed their own quality and quantity, which I learn a lot through this emergency review. It let me feel closer to real from these thoughtful works. Professional like a luxury
In temporary works, insulation in the shortest time at the remote mountainous area is the most important task. This includes aerial object of "stability" and of “convenience" and the temporary residence of critical thinking is "joint" design. Winning success of the factor squeezed into the design of a joint, which is lightweight and easy to install a light structural providing at least five different needs. "Simple, convenient, stable" make this talent work shows from competitors.
Hexagonal - honeycomb - Multi - highlights prefabs has flexible using tactics. L type, Located at upland areas, use stone as the main building material works. Its moving also create interactive corner space. Organic bamboo can be adjusted with the terrain to the heart-shaped settlement. Delicate bamboo arch monomer platform is delicate, which can random layout easily. After several rounds of discussion, these works are in the ranks as second prize "
——Hsieh Ying-chun "The reconstruction after the earthquake is not only to solve the problem that happening at the moment,but also to solve the problems in the old time.So the degree of difficulty increased because the limits. This is the hardest point to judge the first prize because we need to seriously consider the implementation capacity.The second prize,the third prize,and the prize for the shortlist own their more imaginary space.Though they got their weak points.They still have chance to improve.We are looking forward to finding out more creative projects act as the pre-arranged planning for catastrophe in the future.
[…] Another project GARSA3 which won the prize show us the concept of "complementary main body "between the intervention and the victims .The also got the advantages ,simple panel point,convenient transportation.So that the victims can do the reconstruction quickly.Recycling bamboo and wood which can be used in the reconstruction and temporary construction is a superiority"